For centuries time seems to have stopped in Rome, the Eternal City. But it must be said that this is a very lively city that still has its 3,000 years of history latent since it was founded by the Romulus and Remus brothers.
Being the ancient capital of the Roman Empire, the city dominated the entire Mediterranean basin and much of Europe. It was one of the first major metropolises in the world and its historical legacy and influence are enormous, even reaching our days.
For centuries, the greatest emperors wanted to leave their mark on history by building monuments at the height of their power … and their ego. Thus came the Colosseum, the Pantheon of Agrippa, the Circus Maximus or the Arch of Constantine.
Later religion came and with it the construction of the greatest temples of Catholicism. Gods, Emperors, and Popes contributed to the fact that today the city of Rome is the city with the most millenary historical monuments in the world.
The most visited Rome Monuments
The Colosseum is the best-known monument in Rome and is considered a symbol of the city. This imposing construction, with more than 2,000 years of history, was built during the Flavian dynasty. It was built in the 1st century AD. C. under the mandate of Vespasiano, although its construction lasted 8 years, already with Emperor Titus in power.
At that time it was the largest Roman amphitheater, with 188 m long, 155 m wide and 57 m high. Their bleachers could welcome more than 50,000 spectators, who enjoyed amazing shows: wild animal hunting, executions, gladiatorial fighting, and naumachia, among other games. Today, it is one of the 7 Wonders of the World and one of the most visited monuments.
St. Peter’s Basilica
The Basilica of San Pedro del Vaticano is the most important religious temple of Catholicism, which also houses the Holy See. Inside, St. Peter, the first Pope, is buried. Its construction (1506-1626) was carried out by some of the most famous architects of the time, such as Bramante, Miguel Ángel and Carlo Maderno.
Some of the most important works of art found inside are the Bernini Baldachin, the Pieta by Michelangelo, the statue of St. Peter on his throne and the incredible dome that crowns the Basilica.
Within the Vatican, we have another essential visit; The Vatican Museums, the largest art collection in the world.
The Roman Forum was the central area of the ancient city and one of the must-visit Monuments in Rome. There were the governmental institutions, the market, and the religious temples.
When walking through it you can visit multiple monuments, buildings and ruins of great interest, such as the Via Sacra, the Arch of Titus and the Temples of Vesta and Saturn, among others. Its location has no loss, since it is next to the famous Roman Colosseum.
Fontana di Trevi
The Trevi Fountain is one of the most beautiful, monumental and visited fountains in the world. His unmistakable baroque style is due to the almost unknown artist Nicola Salvi . This began its construction in the eighteenth century, but it took about 30 years to finish it.
One of the features that attract the most attention is how impressive the fountain is with all these realistic figures and how small the square is in which it is located. It has also become almost a ritual to throw a coin inside the fountain and make a wish. From returning to Rome to marry an Italian!
Piazza del Campidoglio
The Piazza of the Campidoglio is a wonderful space located on Capitoline Hill. It was an order of Pope Paul III to Michelangelo after the visit of King Charles I in 1536. Michelangelo built this square with a trapezoidal plant and oriented it towards the Basilica of St. Peter.
In the square, you can also visit the magnificent New Palace, climb its beautiful staircase of the Cordonata and admire the equestrian statue of Marco Aurelio.
Pantheon of Agrippa
The Pantheon of Agrippa is the best-preserved monument in Rome and is located in the center of the city, it is also one of the most visited. Its construction was carried out in the year 126 a. C., when Adriano ruled.
Its main feature is that it is a circular building since its circumference measures the same as its height: 43.3 m. Its interior preserves the tombs of some of the most important kings of Italy and valuable works of art. The great painter Rafael is also buried here.
The Piazza Navona is one of the most beautiful and important squares of Rome. All of it is a monument in itself. Characterized by its baroque style, this square is located in the heart of the city.
The most famous monuments of the square are the Fountain of the Rivers and the church of Santa Agnese in Agone. It is also a very lively and lively place, ideal for dining out, as it is visited by many tourists, and where many street artists show their works.
The Piazza of Spain and stairways between the Piazza di Spagna and Piazza Trinità dei Monti’ is one of the places most famous and interesting in Rome. It is called that because the Spanish embassy is located here since the 17th century. This is one of the most important areas of the city, since the Via Dei Condotti, Frattina and dei Babuino converge.
One of its architectural features is its famous staircase, which has 135 steps. Although itself, it cannot be considered a Monument of Rome, we include it for its importance in the most visited places in Rome.
The Piazza del Popolo has always been considered the door of Rome, as it was from there known as Via Flaminia, which connected the imperial capital with the rest of Europe. Three straight streets converge on the square, where a monumental obelisk stands.
One of the most important reasons to visit Popolo Square is the Church of Santa Maria of the Popolo. The two very valuable works of Caravaggio are conserved that must be essential in your visit to this beautiful place.
The Castillo de Sant´Angelo is an impressive fortress, also called Hadrian’s Mausoleum, as it was built under the government of the emperor. Its construction began in 135 and finished 4 years later.
In 403 the Aurelian Wall was built. On the castle rests the impressive statue of an angel. To get to the castle, you must walk the fortified corridor of 800 m in length. This corridor was built to connect with the Vatican and help the Pope to flee if necessary.
Basilica of San Clemente
The Basilica de San Clemente receives its name from Pope Clement I. This building is one of the most important in the history of religion since it belongs to the first era of Christianity.
Here clandestine meetings of the first Christians were held, but it was not until 313 AD. C., after finishing the persecution of the Christians, when it happened to be considered basilica. In it, you can visit an ancient church of the fourth century, decorated with rich mosaics.
Santa María la Mayor
The Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore was built in the 5th century and is the only one in Rome that still has its paleochristian plant.
In addition, it was the first religious building dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Its interior is monumental and impressive. In it, you can admire magnificent paleochristian mosaics of the 5th century, 27 panels of Roman times and the so-called Grotto of the Nativity, where relics of the manger in which Jesus Christ was born are preserved.
The Roman catacombs are impressive underground galleries that served as a place of burial. There are buried ancient Roman citizens, Jews, and the first Christians. Its construction began in the second century AD. C. and were completed in the fifth century.
Some of the most important catacombs in the city are those of San Sebastián, San Calixto, Priscila, Domitila and Santa Inés.
Basilica of San Giovanni in Laterano
The Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano is the most important of the city’s major basilicas and one of the most beautiful. It is also the Cathedral of Rome. Its construction was carried out in the fourth century, under the orders of Constantine, and its name was placed in honor of Saint John the Baptist and the Evangelist Saint John.
Of great interest is its portico, where the Pope officiates the liturgy of Holy Thursday; the statues of Christ and several saints; the bronze door; the Holy Stairs; and its interior, which is of unparalleled beauty.
Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls
The Basilica de San Pablo Extramuros is one of the most beautiful buildings in Rome. Its construction was carried out in the fourth century, under the mandate of Constantine. Inside, rest the remains of the great Apostle St. Paul. In 1813, a great fire destroyed it completely and its restoration lasted more than a century.
On your visit, you should not miss the Apostle’s tomb, the Arnolfo de Cambio ciborium, the apse mosaic, the Easter candleholder, the Byzantine door, and the Arc de Triomphe mosaic.