The smallest of all does not reach half a square kilometer and its population does not even exceed 800 inhabitants, however, each year it is visited by millions of tourists from all over the planet. Others are paradisiacal archipelagos and some are territories that enjoy high per capita incomes or that boast of treasuring a rich history forged throughout the centuries.
In short, the ten smallest countries in the world they are, as you will observe, diverse among each other: curious, some famous and others totally unknown. We suggest that you join us on this particular journey. Some of them will surprise you. Insurance!
1. Vatican City
Their 0.44 km2 and its 800 inhabitants turn the Vatican City -the seat of the Catholic Church- in the sovereign state smallest and least populated on Earth. Despite being nestled inside the city of Rome and contrary to what many might assume, it is not part of the European Union, although it has adopted the euro as its currency.
Dispose of railroad network -300 meters of tracks that connect with Italy-, Bank, Postal Service Y language -the Latin- own, in addition to a security service- the Swiss Guard- made up of members of the Swiss country. Its small dimensions do not prevent that each year it receives the visit of five million pilgrims of all the world.
Less than 700 kilometers separate the Vatican City from Monaco, the second smallest country in the world, with an area of only 2 km2 Y 38,500 inhabitants. Located very close to the Italian border, on the south-eastern French coast – about 30 minutes from Nice -, it has been for decades the principality of the glamor by excellence. And it is that the wedding in 1956 of Rainiero and actress Grace Kelly, the muse of Alfred Hitchcock, was a before and after.
The small dimensions of Monaco go a long way, and those who visit it do not usually miss the chance-, the Cathedral of Saint Nicholas, the casino or the luxurious marina.
The third-smallest country in the world is a real unknown to tourists. It is about Nauru, an island of 21 km2 of Micronesia located in the heart of the Central Pacific, inhabited by little more than 11,500 souls. Without hardly any hotel infrastructure, it is a poorly communicated and poorly communicated oval atoll that became independent from Australia in 1968.
Its name, however, gives some clues about the place: Nauru literally means “I’m going to the beach”. And it has some remarkable corners such as Anibare Bay, surrounded by coral reefs.
Tuvalu, like its neighbor Nauru, it is a small paradise of white sand and crystal clear waters of Polynesia, located between Hawaii and Australia, in which tourists are conspicuous by their absence. A surface 26 km2 and alone 12,000 inhabitants, However, the old Ellice Islands are, however, an ideal setting for practicing activities such as diving or snorkeling. They are made up of four coral reefs and five atolls and are home to countless species of fish, corals, algae, and invertebrates.
Since 2008, Tuvalu is considered one of the most threatened places in the world by climate change, among other reasons because its highest part is only four meters above sea level. This circumstance puts his survival in doubt.
5. San Marino
A surface 62 km2 -the equivalent of the Big Apple- and 33,000 inhabitants, the Serenism Republic of San Marino. It is the third smallest country in Europe and the fifth smallest in the world. It’s found surrounded by everywhere for Italy and can boast of being the oldest republic in the world; the only survivor of the city-states that dominated much of the Italica peninsula during the late Middle Ages.
The most iconic image of the country is drawn by mount titano, 739 meters high, on whose slopes the medieval city of narrow streets and historical buildings extends. Beautiful and accessible, it invites to be discovered without an established plan. And it is that although it is not part of the European Union, it does not have access borders or its own currency – it uses the euro – making it a complementary option for those who visit Emilia-Romagna or Tuscany.
Small and unknown, these are two of the adjectives with which many Europeans agree when referring to Liechtenstein, the sixth smallest country in the world and the fourth smallest on the Old Continent. It’s found between Austria and Switzerland, but like San Marino, it does not belong to the European Union.
Their 160 km2 They are a dream for lovers of mountains and winter sports since their alpine peaks are ideal for both skiing and snowboarding, and for summer hiking. It does not have an airport Its own, but its inhabitants usually make use of the facilities of neighboring Zurich, a hundred kilometers from the capital Vaduz.
7. Marshall Islands
Thirty-four islands – 29 of them atolls – one thousand islets, dozens of coral reefs: total 181 km2, about 60,000 inhabitants and a tropical climate are some of the characteristics of the Marshall Islands. Located in the heart of the Pacific Ocean, in the Micronesia region, they make up one of the youngest countries on the planet after gaining independence from the United States in 1990.
Baptized in honor of Captain John Marshall, who along with Thomas Gilbert explored the islands in 1788, they form two archipelagos -Ralik and Ratak- with semi-deserted areas and luxury resorts, ideal for practicing underwater fishing or diving. Some readers will remember that the area was the scene of important North American nuclear tests, especially in the Bikini Atoll.
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis
One of the most exclusive destinations from the Caribbean, Saint Kitts and Nevis, located northwest of the Montserrat island, it’s with 261 km2 the country smallest in America and in turn the least populated on the continent – it has around 55,000 inhabitants-. It is made up of two islands separated by the Narrows Strait, linked by a bridge three kilometers long.
In addition to enjoying excellent beaches and lush volcanic landscapes, this tropical paradise surprises outsiders with the presence of green monkeys, experts in stealing alcoholic cocktails from tourists, many of whom stay in old sugar cane plantations converted into hotel establishments.
Few are likely to dare fearlessly point out their location on the map, but we are sure that if they had to choose a place to get lost, this would be Maldives. And is that the Flower of the Indies-name with which Marco Polo baptized the archipelago of only 298 km2– is synonymous with exclusivity, beauty and without doubt tranquility.
In total, the country has 1,196 coral islands, of which only 203 are inhabited, a set of palm and white sand beaches, crystal clear waters, turquoise-blue lagoons, coral reefs, and pure nature, ideal also for families.
Close this quirky top ten, malta. With 319 km2 of surface and around 475,000 inhabitants, occupies the tenth position in the ranking of the smallest countries in the world and is also the smallest in the European Union. The archipelago, made up of seven islands, of which only three are inhabited, is located in the south of Sicily and east of Tunisia.
It has been the scene of the passage of numerous civilizations that have inherited archaeological treasures and artistic of Phoenician, Greek, Roman or Arab. Its rich heritage and its spectacular landscapes and beaches have turned the country into a scene of great series and movies and in one of the most instagrammable corners of the Mediterranean.